Due to increasing heat this summer season, we must be alert on Heat Illnesses our children may acquire. Our children’s immune system is weaker compared to an adult immune system, thus they are prone to easily acquire diseases.
There are three (3) Heat Illnesses that we must be aware of and the following are:
1. Muscle Cramps
Children are susceptible to heat cramps, particularly when they don’t drink enough fluids. All that vigorous running and playing cause their bodies to lose salts and body fluids, which causes momentary cramping in their legs, arms and abdominal muscles.
Generally heat cramps don’t require special treatment.
Bring your child indoors or into the shade.
Loosen or remove your child’s clothing.
Gently massage the cramped muscle.
Encourage your child to eat and drink.
2. Heat Exhaustion
A more severe form of heat illness. Heat exhaustion occurs when your child’s body loses too much fluids.
Symptoms may include dehydration, hyper-ventilation, nausea, fatigue and weakness.
Immediately bring your child indoor or into the shade.
Remove your child’s clothing
Encourage your child to eat and drink
Give your child a bath in cool water.
Immediately consult your doctor, particularly if your child is too exhausted or ill to eat or drink. He may require intravenous (IV) fluids. Left untreated, heat exhaustion may escalate into heatstroke, which can be fatal.
Heatstroke is a life-threatening medical emergency that occurs when the body loses its ability to regulate its own temperature. Body temperature can soar to 41 degrees Celsius and higher, leading to brain damage or even death if it isn’t quickly attended to.
Heatstroke is indicated by the following symptoms:
40.6 degrees Celsius or higher
Sluggishness, fatigue or unconsciousness
Flushed and dry skin with no sweating
Severe throbbing headache
Weakness, dizziness or confusion
Vomiting, difficulty in breathing
Possible seizure episode
Prompt emergency treatment is required to bring your child’s body temperature under control.
Immediately get your child indoors or into the shade
Undress your child and sponge or douse him with cool water
Seek immediate medical attention for your child.